Boston, city, capital of Massachusetts and seat of Suffolk County, on Boston Bay (an inlet of Massachusetts Bay), at the mouth of the Charles River, in the eastern part of the state. Boston is the largest city in Massachusetts and New England and serves as the commercial, financial, and cultural center of the six-state region. The city is situated on a magnificent natural harbor opening onto Massachusetts Bay. At one time the city occupied a relatively narrow peninsula of land, restricting city expansion, but extensive filling of tidal flats has greatly increased the city's land area. Boston not only dominates much of New England but also exerts influence on the rest of the country through its banks, financial institutions, insurance companies, and educational institutions.
Boston is a center of higher education in the United States, even more so if its adjacent suburbs are included. The two largest universities within the city itself are Boston University (1839) and Northeastern University (1898). Other schools include the University of Massachusetts in Boston (1964), Simmons College (1899), Emmanuel College (1919), Emerson College (1880), and Suffolk University (1906). In nearby Cambridge are Harvard University (1636) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1861). Tufts University (1852) is in Medford, Boston College (1863) in Newton, Brandies University (1948) in Waltham, and Wellesley College (1870) in Wellesley. The Boston public school system is the oldest in the United States.
The Boston Public Library , founded in 1852, has one of the largest collections in the country, and several smaller private libraries, including the Boston Athenaeum (1827) and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1780), offer important, specialized collections. The Museum of Fine Arts (1870), a private institution, has especially fine collections of French impressionist paintings, Egyptian art, and Chinese and Japanese paintings, prints, and sculpture. More than a dozen smaller museums are scattered throughout the metropolitan area. The Boston Symphony Orchestra was founded in 1881 and ranks as one of the most esteemed orchestras of the world. Boston is an active theater town with a half-dozen theaters in continuous use. Boston is experiencing a revival of opera with the opening of a newly refurbished opera house and has added a resident ballet company.
This Is Where You Can Find Restaurants, Sight Seeing, Lodging, and Shopping Areas. All That Are Listed Will Be Listed With Either One Star Or Two Stars Depending Whether It Will Be Fancy Or Casual.
Boston & Surrounding Towns & Cities
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Bostonians blazed a trail of freedom from colony to independence. They met in town meetings to argue contemporary issues, they spoke against excessive taxes, and they were among the leaders in organizing a defense against British dominion. Today the sites of Boston's National Historical Park , connected by the Freedom trail , symbolize the accomplishments of that revolutionary generation.
Years before the revolution, the Massachusetts House of Representatives denied that Parliament had the right to tax the American colonies without representation. A circular letter issued from the Old State House sought a meeting of delegates from all thirteen colonies to discuss the Stamp Act. The British, however, continued to impose duties. In Faneuil Hall James Otis and Samuel Adams raised their voices to oppose England's oppressive tariffs. Then on the evening of December 16, 1773, more people gathered at Faneuil Hall than could be accommodated. They moved to Old South Meeting House , the towns largest building. From there a band of men disguised as Indians went to the waterfront, boarded three British ships, and unloaded their cargoes of tea into the harbor. In retaliation, England closed the port of Boston. In May 1774 British troops occupied the city, and patriots prepared to defend their homeland. In the steeple of Old North Church , near Paul Revere's House , two lanterns were hung on April 18, 1775, warning the patriots that British troops were crossing to Charlestown by sea. Paul Revere and William Dawes rode to Lexington to warn john hancock and Samuel Adams of the pending attack. When British troops tried to confiscate patriot arms stored in Concord, the "Minutemen" fought. Shots rang out from Lexington Green and Concord's North Bridge. The war for independence had begun. The British retreated to Boston, and an American army soon took up positions on the hills surrounding the city. Two months later, the British planned to occupy Charlestown Heights. To prevent this, Breeds Hill ( Bunker Hill Monument ) was fortified. Alarmed by the armaments, the British attacked on June 17, 1775. By mid-afternoon a battle raged. It ended in an American retreat, but with substantial British losses. General George Washington arrived to take command and by March 1776 he had fortified Dorchester Heights. Under threat of bombardment, the British evacuated Boston and for the next few years the war moved south.
Although the Revolutionary War was fought primarily on land, a small Continental Navy was built, only to be disbanded at the end of the war. The foundations of the permanent navy were established by Congress in 1794 with the authorization of six new frigates. USS Constitution , built at Hartt's Shipyard in Boston, was launched in 1797. Her strength in battle gave her the nickname "Old Ironsides." Now the oldest ship in the United States Navy, she is restored and berthed at Charlestown Navy Yard , one of the first naval shipyards in the nation.
Historical AccommodationsBoston is famous for its significant American history and many of the historical buildings have been transformed into 5 star resort accommodations. This presents a unique opportunity for those traveling to Boston to actually stay within a part of American history. There are many of these type of resorts scattered throughout Boston mainly in the North End, Back Bay and the Waterfront. The Liberty Hotel in Boston's North End was originally known as the Charles Street Jail and was once home to some of Boston's most infamous criminals. Guests staying here can expect to find some of the old jail leftover, as renovators kept some of the iron bars and incorporated them into the design.
Marriott's Custom House , located downtown near the famous Faneuil Hall Marketplace, was built in the 19th century and was originally the first stop for clipper ships bringing goods to America. This is Marriott's only timeshare resort located within a piece of history, and guests will be able to enjoy a mix of timeshare comforts along with the refined elegance of one of Boston's most prominent landmarks. Be sure not to miss the Custom House museum on the second floor of this resort.
Finally, the Langham Hotel near the Waterfront was once a Federal Reserve bank built in 1922, guests staying there these days can expect to enjoy framed pictures lining the walls of what once was, and can view the bank's original iron seal in the hotel's fancy new restaurant, Bond. There are also other old buildings in Boston which have been renovated into resorts and are perfect for the visitors who want to stay within a piece of Boston history.
Boston & Surrounding Area Maps
The U.S. Census Bureau has begun giving Internet users access to its map database. One of the maps is centered on Downtown Boston. You can zoom in for more detailed neighborhood maps or play with the latitude and longitude for maps of nearby communities.
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